MORE PICS - Day 54 &55 Altantuya Murder Trial; 54 – Military Explosives Used; Jeep Bullet Casing - Submachine; 55 – bullet shell from same gun
Day 55 – bullet shell collected from Sirul Azhar’s vehicle, and five bullets he used for ballistics tests were consistent, proving that they were fired from the same gun.
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Witness: Traces of explosives used for military activities
Maria J. Dass; theSUN
SHAH ALAM (Nov 5, 2007): Traces of pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX) which are categorised as "highly explosive" in the group of secondary explosives - used for military activities, were found on several items collected by the police from the crime scene in Puncak Alam, the High Court heard today. Asked what he meant by "high explosive", firearms and tool-marks unit head of the chemistry department Shaari Desa (BELOW) said generally the classification of highly explosive material is based on the velocity of detonation which is more than 1,000m per second. "In addition, this material can explode if it is not contained", he said, adding that "the force of the explosion can cause serious damage to the subject, and the explosion can cause a super sonic reaction." "The blast waves can be felt and can destroy the surroundings; and the speed of the waves is also high. The opposite sub-sonic reaction will take place if "low explosives" are used, he said.
Asked by DPP Noorin Badaruddin as to what happens if there is resistance in the form of trees or hills in the area, Shaari said: "If the resistance is close to the blast point then it will be destroyed - depending on the type and quantity of explosive used." Shaari also said that some rubber strips recovered from the crime scene are usually that used to tie or bind two components together, while the rubber granules are a result of the heating process on the rubber strips, in relation to this case. Based on tests, Shaari said he found traces of PETN and RDX on white powder in the detonating cord and cutting linear charge, and residue on clumps of hair, black plastic strips, pieces of wire and cotton swabs collected from the crime scene. Asked if he had tested for residue of other types of explosives Shaari said: "The explosives that I have tested for are based on the department’s standards list which includes explosives that are available in the market, and the analysis that I have conducted are based on the explosive materials that I had received from the police." Shaari also told the court he had concluded that the character markings on the bullet shell that was found in Cpl Sirul Azhar Umar’s Suzuki jeep matched that of five bullets fired from a HK MP5SD sub machine gun.
The sub machine gun and bullet cartridge was one of the 70 exhibits produced by the prosecution last week. "Using a microscope to conduct comparisons, I found that the character markings on the bullet shell tendered as evidence matches that of the shells produced from the ballistic tests," said Shaari who had conducted ballistic tests using five 9mm bullets. "Based on this outcome I am of the opinion that the sub machine gun in question is the one that discharged the bullet which has been tendered as an exhibit, he added. Earlier in the day, Shaari told the court that the soil samples collected from the front left mud guard of Sirul Azhar’s four-wheel drive, and that collected from the front right rims, did not match. He added that the samples also did not match the soil samples collected from the crime scene.
However he said that due to the weather, soil samples from the surface may differ with that collected from the depths of an area although they are in the same location. Hearing continues tomorrow, with Sirul Azahar’s defence counsels attempting to use mathematical calculations to show that the tests conducted by Shaari are inaccurate.
ABOVE: Abdul Razak arriving on Day 54 and BELOW: the two co-accused hooded as usual
= == = = = =short account from Bernama on explosives
Bomb In Altantuya Murder Case Used By Military
SHAH ALAM, Nov 5 (Bernama) -- The explosive used in the murder of Mongolian woman Altantuya Shaariibu is usually used by the military, the High Court here was told today. Head of the Firearms and Detection Unit in the Criminalistic Section of the Forensic Division, Chemistry Department in Petaling Jaya, Shaari Desa, 40, said the pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) and cyclotrimethylene trinitramine (RDX) explosives were categorised as
secondary explosives. He said the two types of explosives were very powerful and could produce a 'supersonic' shock wave that could destroy the surrounding areas. Shaari said that of the 70 case evidences that he had received, he found traces of the two explosives on Altantuya's hair, on a black plastic sheet, several plastic sheets and pieces of wire recovered at the crime scene. "I also found PETN on the pink sample in the detonating cord and a piece of claymore mine cable and traces of RDX on the white powder contained in the cutting linear charge (CLC), which is also an explosive material," he said.
= == = == = and from the STAR
Expert: Military explosives used
By CECIL FUNG, star
SHAH ALAM: There were traces of “military explosives” on 17 items that police handed to the Chemistry Department for analysis. Shaari Desa, the department’s firearms and tool marks unit head, said the items either contained traces of pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) or cyclotrimethylene trinitra-mine (RDX), or both. The items were several tufts of hair, pieces of plastic, several wires, a cotton bud swab and three soil samples. The prosecution’s 40th witness said the three soil samples from the crime scene were marked “head,” “stomach” and “legs.” However, he said he could not find (Note above 2 REPORTS said “Found”) any trace of explosives on 39 other items comprising bone fragments, soil samples, cotton bud swabs, wires, and pieces of plastic and rubber. Shaari, 40, said he had looked for traces of explosives using four methods – through a stereo microscope, high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography nitrogen phosphorus detector, and thin layer chromatography.
He said the tests were based on a standard list used by the department on common ex-plosives found in the market. Among the explosives tested for were PETN, RDX, TNT (Trinitrotoluene) and nitroglycerine (NG). When DPP Noorin Baharuddin asked what could be deduced from the traces of explosives found on the tufts of hair, Shaari could only give a general conclusion that the explosives “had been used on them.” Asked if PETN and RDX were “highly explosive,” the witness replied that they were. “Both are listed as ‘secondary explosives’ used mostly for military activities. Military explosives,” he said on Day 54 of the trial.
Elaborating on the definition of “highly explosive” substances, Shaari said generally, a substance is considered as such if its velocity of detonation exceeded 1,000m per second that could cause massive damage. Shaari said he also concluded, based on a ballistics test, that a bullet cartridge handed to him by police was fired from a HK MP5 submachine gun that he was asked to test. So far, no one has testified where this submachine gun - also handed over to the witness by police - was recovered from.
Cross-examined by Ahmad Zaidi Zainal, counsel for Kpl Sirul Azhar Umar, he said it was not possible to determine when the last shot was fired from the submachine gun based on the gunpowder residue in it. Earlier, Shaari told the court that the two soil samples obtained from Kpl Sirul Azhar’s jeep differed from one another based on their composition. He said the samples were also different from those obtained from the crime scene. He agreed with DPP Noorin that although their compositions were different, there was a possibility that the samples were from the same location but from different depths of the ground. In the dock, Unit Tindakan Khas (Special Action Squad) operatives C/Insp Azilah Hadri, 31, and Kpl Sirul Azhar, 36, are charged with murdering 28-year-old Altantuya Shaariibuu between on Oct 19 and on Oct 20 last year in Mukim Bukit Raja, Shah Alam. Political analyst Abdul Razak Baginda, 47, is accused of abetting them in
The trial continues today.
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Bullet Casing Was From Submachine Gun', Court Told
SHAH ALAM, Nov 6 (Bernama) -- A bullet casing found in Cpl Sirul Azhar Umar's jeep was from a HK-MP5 submachine gun and not from any other types of firearm, the High Court here was told today. Firearms and Tool Marks Unit head in the Criminalistic Section of the Chemistry Department's Forensic Division in Petaling Jaya, Shaari Desa, 40, said he made the conclusion after seeing marks on casing. "Even without inspecting the firing pin of the weapon, I found characteristics on the bullet shell which were produced from the ejector, extractor and breech face of the same type of firearm," he said in re-examination by Deputy Public Prosecutor Noorin Badaruddin. Sirul, 36, is the second accused in the trial for the murder of Mongolian Altantuya Shaariibuu. He and C/Insp Azilah Hadri, 31, are alleged to have killed the 28-year-old woman in a jungle in Bukit Raja near here in October last year. Political analyst Abdul Razak Abdullah Baginda, 47, is charged with abetting the two policemen from the Special Action Unit.
== = == =additional NOTES - Not from Trial
The Heckler & Koch MP-5 (ABOVE) has become one of the classic and most sought-after submachineguns. It is still used by numerous law enforcement and special military organizations throughout the world. Most models of MP-5 are chambered in 9mm Luger but the firearm is also available in .40S&W as well as the extremely powerful 10mm.
Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine guns employ the same delayed blowback operated roller-locked bolt system found in the famous HK G3 Automatic Rifle. All the elements of HK excellence; reliability, ease of handling, simple maintenance, and safety are highlighted on the MP5. Firing from the closed-bolt position during all modes of fire makes MP5 submachine guns extremely accurate and controllable. Used by military and law enforcement units in more than fifty nations, the MP5 is firmly established as the world’s preeminent submachine gun. Over 120 variants of the HK MP5 submachine gun are available to address the widest range of tactical requirements. A selection of optional trigger groups allow for single fire only, full automatic, 2-round, and 3-round burst options. The weapon’s unique modular design and a variety of optional buttstocks, forearms, sight mounts, and other accessories gives the MP5 extraordinary flexibility to meet most any mission requirement
ABOVE: The Day 55 Evidence carted into court includes the sub-machine gun
= = = = =DAY 55
Expert: Bullet fired from same gun
Maria J. Dass; theSUN
SHAH ALAM (Nov 6, 2007): Chemistry Department firearm and toolmarks unit head Shaari Desa (ABOVE on Day 55) told the High Court here today the main characteristics of a bullet shell collected from Sirul Azhar’s vehicle, and five bullets he used for ballistics tests were consistent, proving that they were fired from the same gun.
Replying to questions from DPP Noorin Badaruddin on weather it was possible for character markings of bullet shells discharged from the same gun to differ due to time factors and wear and tear, Shaari said the main characteristics of spent bullets discharged from the same weapon, would be consistent. He said although not visible to the naked eye, character markings on spent bullets can be clearly seen using a microscope. Earlier Sirul Azhar’s defence counsel Ahmad Zaidi Zainal attempted to prove that the test methods used by Shaari were inaccurate, and that the characteristics of spent bullet shells would differ due to time and usage factors. Shaari said there would be some differences on an uneven spent bullet surface and that the material from which the bullet is made may cause some small differences to the main characteristics. "The main characteristics on the extractor, ejector, breech phase, firing pin and land and groove marks on the bullet shells collected from Sirul Azhar’s vehicle, and the five bullets I used for ballistics tests were consistent," he said. Asked whether there was a possibility that the bullet in question was not fired from the said sub-machine gun because he had only tested the bullet shell and not the firing pin, Shaari replied: "Even without tests on the firing pin, all other characteristics points to the fact that this bullet was fired from the sub-machine gun in question." "It is not possible for it to have been discharged form another weapon," stressed Shaari who was the prosecution’s 45th witness in the Altantuya Shaariibuu murder hearing today.
After lunch, Cybersecurity Malaysia (previously known as Niser) digital forensic analyst Mohd Zabri Aidil Talib testified that investigating officer ASP Tonny Lunggan had together with a PLUS Highway official met and asked him for an analysis of a PLUS highway CCTV recording at Cybersecurity’s lab last June 11.
Zabri said Tonny handed him a high-rev storage media tape but he could not view the recording as he did not have the multi-view software which was needed.
Zabri then told PLUS officials to bring their software and CCTV installer along to facilitate the analysis of the tape as PLUS had the software.
"In the meantime I made an image recording from the original tape to conduct an analysis," he said, adding that the original tape was not used for the analysis to reduce the risk of damage and tampering to the tape which is to be used as evidence. Zabri said he used Video Focus, a video forensic software which produces high resolution images from video recordings. "This method combines seven frames from a video recording to produce one picture of high resolution and quality," he said, explaining that "this high resolution image cannot be obtained if normal capture processes are used." Zabri said he did not analyse the whole recording but only the parts which Tonny had asked him to. "I was told of the times, toll booth location and dates concerned, he said, adding that he was told to look out for a Suzuki Jimmy 4-WD bearing the registration number CAC 1883," he said. Hearing continues tomorrow.
WHAT HAPPENED - DAY 55
* firearm and toolmarks expert Shaari Desa underwent cross-examination and re-examination
* Cybersecurity Malaysia (previously known as Niser) digital forensic analyst Mohd Zabri Aidil Talib testified
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Dispute over maths formula
SHAH ALAM: A mathematical formula to calculate a circle’s area – pi r square – became the topic of dispute at the Altantuya Shaariibuu murder trial. The formula, commonly used by secondary school students, turned up when chemist Shaari Desa was asked to dismantle the firing pin of a Heckler & Koch MP5 submachine gun, measure its diameter and calculate the surface area of the pin’s circular end. However, Shaari – the head of the Chemistry Department’s firearms and tool marks unit in the criminalistics section – replied that he did not know the formula. “I’m not very good at mathematics,” the 40th prosecution witness sheepishly said on Day 55 of the trial. Ahmad Zaidi Zainal, counsel for Kpl Sirul Azhar Umar, read out the formula to Shaari but DPP Noorin Badaruddin interjected and asked the lawyer where he had sourced it from. “This is from a ballistics textbook. It’s a formula for the area of a surface,” the lawyer replied.
At this juncture, Justice Mohd Zaki Md Yasin told the lawyer that this was just his own contention and that the witness himself did not know the formula. He later called for a break and told the parties to sort out the matter. When the proceedings resumed, Ahmad Zaidi said he would continue with other questions before moving back to the calculations, if necessary. In the end, he decided not to go back to the calculations after Shaari agreed with his contention that it was possible for the markings on several bullets to be slightly different even though they were fired from a single firearm. Re-examined by DPP Noorin, the witness explained that although there could be slight differences between the markings on such bullets, the major characteristic markings would always remain on the bullet cartridges. “These markings can be clearly seen with the aid of a microscope, but not with the naked eye,” Shaari said.
ABOVE & BELOW: These two guys from Cyber Security were tasked in June to locate the Suzuki Jimny jeep with the registration number CAC 1883 from the CCTV footages in Kota Damansara (see pics coming soon) & they are presumed to be involved in verifying the Lingam Video Clip and they have tentatively reported (see previous post H E R E , link not up yet) theat the Clip is UNauthentic)
CyberSecurity Malaysia (formerly known as National ICT Security and Emergency Response – Niser) senior digital forensics analyst Mohd Zabri Aidil Talib said he was asked to analyse a surveillance camera footage captured at the Kota Damansara toll plaza. He said the vehicle he was instructed to look out for was a Suzuki Jimny jeep with the registration number CAC 1883 that belonged to Kpl Sirul Azhar.
He continues his testimony today.
In the dock, Unit Tindakan Khas (Special Action Squad) operatives C/Insp Azilah Hadri, 31, and Kpl Sirul Azhar, 36, are charged with murdering 28-year-old Altantuya between on Oct 19 and on Oct 20 last year in Mukim Bukit Raja, Shah Alam. Political analyst Abdul Razak Baginda, 47, is accused of abetting them in
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